Methods: A clinically-annotated, retrospective MBGrp4 discovery cohort (n = 420) was generated from UK CCLG institutions, collaborating European centres and SIOP-UKCCSG-PNET3 and HIT-SIOP-PNET4 clinical trials. Contemporary, multi-omics profiling was performed. Focal and arm level copy number aberrations (CNAs) were determined from molecular inversion probe (MIP) or DNA methylation array which additionally provided next generation non-WNT/non-SHH (Grp3/Grp4) subtype classifications. Targeted next-generation DNA sequencing was performed to overlay the mutational landscape. Survival modelling was carried out with patients >3 years old who received craniospinal irradiation.
Results: MBGrp4 subtypes were assigned to 88% of tumours with available data. Subtype VIII was strongly associated with i17q (p<0.0001). The favourable-risk cytogenetic signature (2 or 3 of; chromosome 7 gain, chromosome 8 loss and/or chromosome 11 loss) associated with both subtypes VI and VII (p<0.0001). MYCN amplifications were strongly associated with subtype V (p<0.0001) in addition to 16q loss (p<0.0001). The high-risk CNA group was enriched for mutations in genes involved in chromatin remodelling (p<0.0001). Risk factors were identified from multivariate survival modelling. Subtype and CNA groups contributed to improved risk-stratification models that outperformed current clinical schemes.
Conclusion: Comprehensive genetic and epigenetic profiling in this large retrospective cohort has improved our understanding of the molecular and clinical heterogeneity within MBGrp4. Incorporation of molecular biomarkers improved risk-stratification for MBGrp4.
|Number of pages||1|
|Early online date||1 Jun 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2021|
|Event||2021 SNO Pediatric Conference: 6th Biennial Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Research Conference - Virtual|
Duration: 10 Jun 2021 → 12 Jun 2021