Embroidered Rectangular Split-Ring Resonators for the Characterization of Dielectric Materials

Shahrzad Zahertar, Emma Laurin, Linzi E. Dodd, Hamdi Torun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we report an embroidered rectangular split-ring resonator (SRR) operating at S band for material characterization based on the differences in dielectric parameters. We designed, fabricated and characterized SRR sensors on a conventional fabric that can be conformally attached over the surface of samples under investigation. The structures are made of conductive threads and can be embroidered on any dielectric fabric at low cost using conventional embroidery methods. We have demonstrated material characterization capability of the sensors using a specific design with a length of 60 mm and a width of 30 mm. We wrapped the sensors on low-density polyethylene (LDPE) bottles filled with deionized (DI) water and common solvents (ethanol, methanol, isopropanol and acetone) in our experiments. We measured the nominal resonant frequency of a specific sensor wrapped around an empty bottle as 2.07 GHz. The shifts in resonant frequencies when the bottle was filled with the solvents follow the dielectric constants of the solvents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8897688
Pages (from-to)2434-2439
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number5
Early online date13 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


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