Energy policy in the European Union: Renewable energy and the risks of subversion

Helen Kopnina*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The European energy policy has a significant influence on the way in which environmental and energy policies are framed and implemented, not only in member states but globally. One of the important challenges of the European energy policy is climate change. Presently, the European Commission (EC) seeks to create an Energy Union, aimed at ensuring that Europe has secure, affordable and climate-friendly energy. In order to achieve this, some propose a compromise involving efficiency in use of fossil fuel and inclusion of different types of energy in the energy mix, while others are in favour of more transformative measures engendered by the Circular Economy (CE) and Cradle to Cradle (C2C) approaches to energy. Conventional and C2C/CE approaches to sustainability in general and energy in particular are not always compatible, as C2C/CE requires radical transformation rather than promoting compromise. This chapter will focus on various types of renewable energy in the context of the European sustainability challenges and explore the EU’s energy policy, providing recommendations for the long-term sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGovernance and Security Issues of the European Union
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges Ahead
EditorsJaap de Zwaan, Martijn Lak, Abiola Makinwa, Piet Willems
Place of PublicationThe Hague
PublisherT.M.C. Asser Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9789462651449
ISBN (Print)9789462651432
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


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