Engineering performance of tungsten network reinforced copper matrix composites synthesized by selective laser melting and infiltration

Fuxing Yao, Wenge Chen*, Yana Yang, Kai Zhou, Rong Li, Ahmed Elmarakbi, Yongqing (Richard) Fu*

*Corresponding author for this work

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To solve poor engineering performance of copper-tungsten alloys operated at high temperatures, 3D network tungsten frameworks were prepared using a selective laser melting (SLM) process, and then copper was melted and diffused into these tungsten network structures to form copper matrix composites with different copper contents (i.e., Cu-10vol%W and Cu-30vol%W). Their mechanical/electrical properties and arc ablation performance were characterized. Results showed the obtained CuW composites were dense with good interfacial bonding, and the connected Cu phases formed a heat conduction channel and improved electrical and thermal conductivities of the composites. Electrical conductivities of Cu-30W and Cu-10W composites were 44.7% and 80.3% IACS, and their thermal conductivities at 25 °C were 247.5 and 375.4W/(m·K), respectively. The W-skeleton grid structure in the composites showed enhanced effects on impact toughness and anti-friction/wear resistance. Tensile strengths of Cu-30W and Cu-10W composites measured at 300 °C were 95 MPa and 135 MPa, and their impact toughness values were 11.25 and 15.25 J/cm2 , respectively. For the arc ablation performance, the copper phase of CuW composite was identified as the key influencing phase, whereas the W skeleton effectively hindered the spread of arc spots, inhibited quick melting of copper phases, and played effective support and protection functions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Jan 2024

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