Enhancement of thermally activated delayed fluorescence properties by substitution of ancillary halogen in a multiple resonance-like diplatinum(ii) complex

Piotr Pander*, Andrey V. Zaytsev, Amit Sil, J. A. Gareth Williams*, Valery N. Kozhevnikov*, Fernando B. Dias

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We present an in-depth investigation of the influence of chloro-to-iodo exchange on the thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) of a dinuclear platinum(II) complex featuring monodentate halide ancillary ligands. The complexes are constructed using a ditopic bis-N^C^N-chelating ligand of the form (N^C^N–N^C^N)Pt2X2. The initially formed chloro complex (X = Cl) is readily transformed into the iodo analogue (X = I). The change is found to increase the radiative decay rate constant kr by around 3-fold to 3–4 × 105 s−1. This remarkably high value is comparable with the state-of-the-art iridium(III) organometallic phosphors. The improved luminescence properties of the iodo compound are shown to be due to a smaller singlet–triplet energy gap ΔEST compared to the chloro analogue. Iodide reduces the HOMO–LUMO overlap in a multiple resonance-like orbital structure of the complex. Iodination is therefore the first practical strategy shown to improve the TADF properties of diplatinum(II) complexes. The analogous monoplatinum(II) phosphorescent complex is studied in parallel in order to shed light more generally on the effect of iodo ligands on the triplet and singlet states and on spin–orbit coupling (SOC) in platinum(II) complexes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberD1TC05026E
Pages (from-to)4851-4860
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume10
Issue number12
Early online date14 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2022

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