Entrepreneurial universities are important and significant contributors to economies and societies. They are at the nexus of knowledge development and transfer. They have become critical actors for regions and countries in the realization of further economic and social development. The chapter begins with a state-of-theart review of the entrepreneurial university literature. This provides some insights into the evolution of entrepreneurial university research specific to themes and empirical studies. The chapter then turns to provide a summary introduction to the nine contributor chapters that have focused on different aspects of the entrepreneurial agenda. The chapter concludes by outlining some themes and issues that warrant future research.