Evaluating the efficacy and effectiveness of design methods: A systematic review and assessment framework

Philip Cash*, Jaap Daalhuizen, Paul Hekkert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


The increasingly transdisciplinary context of design, where designers collaborate with other disciplinary and domain experts, means there is a growing need to evidence the effectiveness of design methods. We address this need in two ways. First, we propose a ‘chain of evidence’, from motivation to claims, operationalising this in a systematic assessment framework. Second, we systematically review current design method research. Our results reveal that while all links in the chain of evidence are reported across the literature and best practices can be identified, no individual paper either reports all links or consistently achieves best practice. Our framework and results demonstrate the need for standards of evidence in this area, with implications for design method research, development, education, and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101204
Number of pages31
JournalDesign Studies
Early online date17 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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