Evaluating the potential of an airborne laser-scanning system for measuring volume changes of glaciers by

Etienne Favey*, Alain Geiger, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, Aloysius Wehr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Airborne laser scanning (ALS) is well suited for the production of digital elevation models (DEM), and can, in contrast to photographic methods, be used to acquire a DEM independently of surface texture and external light sources. ALS thus serves as a tool to generate DEMs of fim areas where photogrammetric methods often fail. The potential of an integrated ALS system comprising a laser scanner, precise differential global positioning system, and a gyro platform for DEM generation of fim areas is currently being assessed. The Unteraargletscher, Bernese Alps, Switzerland, has been chosen as a test site. As part of a pilot project aimed at determining the mass balance distribution of that glacier without the use of m situ information, ALS measurements were conducted in autumn 1997. The DEM derived from laser measurements is extremely sensitive to the position and attitude of the aircraft. Currently the main work focuses on assessing and improving the system's accuracy by error modelling and by the development of error-correction algorithms. Preliminary results from Unteraargletscher are presented, and the potential of this method for the generation of DEMs of firn areas is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-561
Number of pages7
JournalGeografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

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