Event-Triggered Federated Learning for Fault Diagnosis of Offshore Wind Turbines With Decentralized Data

Shixiang Lu, Zhiwei Gao*, Ping Zhang, Qifa Xu, Tianming Xie, Aihua Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid developments of offshore wind industry offer a strong demand opportunity for offshore wind turbine remote diagnosis. As offshore wind turbines are often located in harsh and communication-constrained environments, the collection and transmission of data is severely restricted, which poses a serious challenge to the conventional centralized diagnostic paradigm that relies on data aggregation. To address this challenge, we propose a novel event-triggered federated learning framework for decentralized fault diagnosis of offshore wind turbines. Specifically, federated learning is first employed to learn decentralized local knowledge from geographically distributed offshore wind turbines, so that the communication objects are transformed from massive raw data into learned parameters, thereby relieving the communication burden. Then, we design an event-triggered communication mechanism and incorporate it into federated learning, the core of which is to modify the communication requirement from uploading all trained parameters periodically to communicating only when necessary. The proposed framework is verified by a real-world offshore wind turbine dataset from six large wind farms in China. An ablation study shows that the proposed framework can maintain high diagnostic performance while reducing communication costs. A comprehensive comparison based on three benchmark models demonstrates that the proposed framework can reduce the communication burden by up to 63% while obtaining better diagnostic performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
Early online date5 May 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 May 2023

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