Evidence from the patent record on the development of cash dispensing technology

Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo*, Robert J.K. Reid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are but a handful of systematic studies on the history of automated teller machines (ATMs) yet all fail to address the issue of paternity while perpetrating 'common wisdom' beliefs. This article looks at the birth of currency dispensing equipment, the immediate predecessor to the ATM. At the simplest level, at least four separate instance of innovation can reasonably claim to be the origin of the concept. However, the question as to who invented it is less illuminating than an understanding of the process of innovation itself and how these competing families developed into the modern conception of an ATM. Our research supports the view of user-driven innovation as surviving business records and oral histories tell of close involvement of bank staff in establishing requirements and choosing amongst alternative solutions in the implementation of first generation technology. This case thus shows greater understanding in the user's role in shaping and directing technological development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE History of Telecommunications Conference, HISTELCON 2008
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherIEEE
Pages110-114
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781424425310
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sept 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE History of Telecommunications Conference, HISTELCON 2008 - Paris, France
Duration: 11 Sept 200812 Sept 2008

Publication series

NameIEEE History of Telecommunications Conference, HISTELCON 2008

Conference

ConferenceIEEE History of Telecommunications Conference, HISTELCON 2008
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityParis
Period11/09/0812/09/08

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