Excess molar enthalpies for mixtures of supercritical CO2 and linalool

Yolanda Sanchez-Vicente, Concepcion Pando, Eduardo Perez, Albertina Cabanas, Juan A. R. Renuncio

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Abstract

Excess molar enthalpies (HmE) for mixtures of supercritical CO2 and linalool were measured at conditions of temperature and pressure typical of supercritical extraction processes: 313.15 and 323.15 K and 7.64, 10.00 and 12.00 MPa. The measurements were carried out using an isothermal high-pressure flow calorimeter. The effects of pressure and temperature on the excess molar enthalpy are large. Mixtures formed by low-density carbon dioxide and linalool show very exothermic mixing and excess molar enthalpies exhibit a minimum in the CO2-rich region. The lowest HmE values (≈−4000 J mol−1) are observed for mixtures at 313.15 K and 7.64 MPa. Mixtures formed by high-density carbon dioxide and linalool show considerably endothermic mixing (≈400–600 J mol−1) in the linalool-rich region and moderately exothermic mixing for the other compositions. On the other hand, HmE at 7.64 MPa and 313.15 and 323.15 K varies linearly with CO2 mole fraction in the two-phase region where a gaseous mixture and a liquid mixture of fixed composition, for a given condition of temperature and pressure, are in equilibrium. Results are analyzed in terms of phase equilibria, pure carbon dioxide density and CO2–terpene molecular interactions. Excess molar enthalpies are simultaneously correlated using the Soave–Redlich–Kwong and Peng–Robinson equations of state and the classical mixing rule. The significance of these large variations of HmE with temperature and pressure in the design of supercritical fluid deterpenation processes is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-271
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online date13 Sep 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

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