This paper presents the development of a new controlled cutting fluid impinging supply system (Cut-list) to deliver an accurate quantity of cutting fluid into machining zones through precisely oriented coherent round nozzles. The performance of the new system was evaluated against a conventional system during the step shoulder milling of Ti-6Al-4V using a water-miscible vegetable oil-based cutting fluid, which was phase 1 in this comprehensive study. The use of Cut-list resulted in a significant reduction up to 42% in cutting fluid consumption as well as reductions in cutting force, tool flank wear, average surface roughness (R a ) and burr height (Gariani et al. in Appl Sci 7(6):560, 2017). This paper details phase 2 of the study which was aimed to investigate the effects of working conditions, nozzle positions/angles and impinging distances on key process measures including cutting forces, workpiece temperature, tool wear, burr formation and average surface roughness of the machined surface. Feed rate showed a significant effect on mean values of cutting force, burr formation and surface roughness, whereas average workpiece temperature and flank wear values are very sensitive to cutting speed. Nozzle position at a 15° angle in the feed direction and 45°/60° against feed direction assisted in minimising workpiece temperature. An impinging distance of 55/75 mm is also necessary to control burr formation, workpiece temperature and average surface roughness. It can be concluded that Cut-list gave promising results compared to conventional flood cooling systems in terms of the evaluated machining outputs. Therefore, the new system can be considered as a feasible, efficient and ecologically beneficial solution, giving less fluid consumption in machining processes.
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|Early online date||29 Nov 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2018|