Experimental study of aluminium lipped channel sections subjected to web crippling under two flange load cases

Husam Alsanat, Shanmuganathan Gunalan*, Hong Guan, Poologanathan Keerthan, John Bull

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


The application of aluminium alloy members in building construction has considerably increased in recent years due to their appealing advantages such as corrosion resistance and high strength-to-weight ratio. However, the elastic modulus of aluminium is only one-third of that of steel, making aluminium members being susceptible to various buckling modes including web crippling. To date, only a limited amount of research study has been conducted to investigate the web crippling failure phenomenon in aluminium structural members, and no research has been carried out on the web crippling behaviour of roll-formed aluminium lipped channel sections. Hence, an experimental study was conducted to assess the web crippling behaviour and capacities of unfastened aluminium lipped channel sections under two flange load cases (End-Two-Flange (ETF)and Interior-Two-Flange (ITF)). Forty tests were performed with different bearing lengths, web heights and thicknesses. The results obtained from this study were then compared with the nominal web crippling strengths predicted using the design rules provided by the Australian, European and American Standards. The comparison showed that the current design equations are potentially unsafe and unreliable to estimate the capacity for aluminium lipped channel sections under both ETF and ITF load cases. Hence, suitable modifications were proposed to the available design equations based on the experimental results to accurately predict the web crippling capacities of aluminium lipped channel sections. Generally, it is shown that the web crippling results acquired from the modified equations agreed well with the test results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-476
Number of pages17
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Early online date9 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


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