Exploring face perception in disorders of development: evidence from Williams syndrome and autism

Deborah Riby, Gwyneth Doherty-Sneddon, Vicki Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and autism are characterized by different social phenotypes but have been said to show similar atypicalities of face-processing style. Although the structural encoding of faces may be similarly atypical in these two developmental disorders, there are clear differences in overall face skills. The inclusion of both populations in the same study can address how the profile of face skills varies across disorders. The current paper explored the processing of identity, eye-gaze, lip-reading, and expressions of emotion using the same participants across face domains. The tasks had previously been used to make claims of a modular structure to face perception in typical development. Participants with WS (N=15) and autism (N=20) could be dissociated from each other, and from individuals with general developmental delay, in the domains of eye-gaze and expression processing. Individuals with WS were stronger at these skills than individuals with autism. Even if the structural encoding of faces appears similarly atypical in these groups, the overall profile of face skills, as well as the underlying architecture of face perception, varies greatly. The research provides insights into typical and atypical models of face perception in WS and autism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-64
JournalJournal of Neuropsychology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring face perception in disorders of development: evidence from Williams syndrome and autism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this