Exploring the Impact of Pavement Materials on Surface and Air Temperatures in Arid Climates

Mohamed H Elnabawy, Neveen Hamza, Tarek Ahmed

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The paper investigates the impact of retrofitting pavement technologies in a neighborhood setting, with a specific focus on mitigating the urban heat island (UHI) effect during the summer. The study aims to improve surface temperatures and enhance overall air temperature at pedestrians’ level. Through simulations conducted in a case study using ENVI-met as urban modeling software, the research observes key environmental parameters such as ambient air temperature and mean radiant temperature for validation. By comparing different scenarios, including the base case, the study evaluates the overall efficiency of the proposed interventions, including whitetopping and permeable interlocking. The results indicate that cool pavement strategies outperform the base case in terms of reducing average surface and ambient air temperatures. Furthermore, the cool pavement exhibits the lowest average surface temperature during the day. This research contributes to our understanding of how pavement retrofit technologies can be evaluated on a neighborhood scale, providing valuable insights for making strategic decisions regarding the implementation of sustainable pavement technologies in cities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPLEA 2024: (RE)THINKING RESILIENCE
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of 37th PLEA Conference, Sustainable Architecture and Urban Design
EditorsBarbara Widera, Marta Rudnicka-Bogusz, Jakub Onyszkiewicz, Agata Woźniczka
Place of PublicationWrocław, Poland
PublisherWroclaw University of Science and Technology
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9788374932752
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2024
EventPLEA 2024: 37th PLEA Conference: RE)THINKING RESILIENCE - Wroclaw, Poland
Duration: 25 Jun 202428 Jun 2024


ConferencePLEA 2024
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