The relationship between children’s obesity and their physical activity levels has been widely studied in urban areas; however, the literature related to rural areas is much more limited. In this review study, we will focus on papers that compare children’s physical activity levels with their obesity status in both urban and rural areas to understand the consensuses and gaps in the literature, and to define the factors that can be used to analyse the environments. The review will start by considering papers on children’s body mass index (BMI) and physical activity levels in urban and rural areas in general, and it will then focus on how children travel to school in urban and rural areas and how this relates to BMI. In addition to a list of environmental measures, the impacts of sedentary behaviour and socio-economic status will also be explored. This review is expected to be significant since it does not only focus on urban areas, but it examines the situation in both urban and rural areas to provide insights for future studies.
|Title of host publication||Environments by Design|
|Subtitle of host publication||Health Wellbeing and Place|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2021|