There is a consensus that firm’s corporate governance impacts their ability to export. Corporate governance relies on export compliance as a framework which supports enterprises in order to mitigate their risks associated with export and provides a safe platform for firms to upgrade their position in the world of trade. The aim of this paper is to widen concepts of export control and compliance framework. The paper outlines the general structure of export compliance and presents a comprehensive view of United States of America and the European Union as powers in the world. In this study, we explained the nature of the violations from the point of view of export compliance and reached to dual-use, money laundering violation and sanctions embargos or restrictive measures. The methodology of this study is documenting analysis with an inductive approach. Essential data for this study has been gathered from secondary resources including diverse scientific research articles, institutional guidance notes, guidelines, manuals and export compliance related web sites and legal provisions in legislations of different countries.