Extremely large-amplitude nonlinear dynamics of a cantilever with a mass at the tip under coupled base excitations is examined for the first time. An exact model of the centreline rotation of the cantilever is developed capable of accurately predicting the cantilever dynamic response even at extremely large amplitudes; a nonlinear static finite element analysis is conducted to verify the accuracy of the proposed model at very large deflection amplitudes. The proposed model is based on the theory of Euler-Bernoulli and the internal damping model of Kelvin-Voigt; the centreline of the cantilever is assumed to remain inextensible. The proposed model for the cantilever centreline rotation is discretised via the Galerkin modal decomposition method while keeping all terms exact. Extensive numerical simulations are conducted to examine the primary and parametric resonance of the cantilever due to transverse and axial base excitations, respectively. It is shown that under the same axial and transverse amplitudes of excitation, the parametric resonance is much stronger than the primary resonance.