Facile fabrication of high-strength biocomposite through Mg2+-enhanced bonding in bamboo fiber

Shengbo Ge, Guiyang Zheng, Yang Shi, Zhongfeng Zhang*, Abdullatif Jazzar, Ximin He*, Saddick Donkor, Zhanhu Guo, Ding Wang, Ben Bin Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The emerging interests in high-performance biocomposites grows significantly driven by their superior environmental sustainability. This study proposes a unique biocomposite strategy by implementing an acetic and ball-milled treatment to disrupt the bamboo cell wall structure, thereby facilitating further processing by effectively increasing the active sites and specific surface area in the bamboo fiber. The fibers are subsequently carboxymethylated to introduce carboxyl groups which facilitate physical bonding between the fibers and Mg2+ ions that are added to the system. These ions form metal-coordination bonds with the carboxyl groups, acting as ion bridges that significantly strengthen the inter-fiber bonding. The resulted biocomposite exhibits impressive mechanical properties, including a high tensile strength (94.24 MPa) and flexural strength (104.14 MPa), not only that, changes in elastic modulus also highlight changes in fiber bonding, the flexural modulus is 21.29 GPa and the tensile modulus is 7.01 GPa. Moreover, it maintains a low water uptake capacity of only 6.8 % despite being submerged for 12 h. The thermal conductivity and fire retardancy have also been improved. The synergic bonding ability between the cellulose and lignin in the fibers, coupled with the glue-free thermoforming process, enhances the material performance and renders it fully recyclable, thus reducing environmental pollution and providing cost-effective engineering materials to society.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100253
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalGiant
Volume18
Early online date19 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Mar 2024

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