Facile synthesis of α-Fe2O3 micro-ellipsoids by surfactant-free hydrothermal method for sub-ppm level H2S detection

Zhijie Li, Zhijie Lin, Ningning Wang, Yanwu Huang, Junqiang Wang, Wei Liu, Yong Qing Fu, Zhiguo Wang

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42 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The α-Fe2O3 micro-ellipsoids were prepared using a facile hydrothermal process without any surfactant or template, and their morphological, structural and H2S sensing properties were investigated. The α-Fe2O3 showed uniform micro-ellipsoids with a long axis diameter of 1.7 μm and a short axis diameter of 1.2 μm. Detailed structural analysis confirmed that the synthesized α-Fe2O3 micro-ellipsoids were compact particles with a hexagonal structure. Gas sensor base on the α-Fe2O3 micro-ellipsoids showed excellent response, short response/recovery time (<90 s and 30 s, respectively), low detection concentration (~ 0.5 ppm), good long-term stability and excellent selectivity towards H2S gas at the optimized operating temperature of 350 °C. The sensing mechanism of the sensor based on the α-Fe2O3 micro-ellipsoids towards H2S was discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-539
JournalMaterials & Design
Volume110
Early online date10 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016

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