Factors Influencing Habitual Physical Activity in Parkinson’s Disease: Considering the Psychosocial State and Wellbeing of People with Parkinson’s and Their Carers

Ríona Mc Ardle, Silvia Del Din, Rosie Morris, Lisa Alcock, Alison J. Yarnall, David J. Burn, Lynn Rochester, Rachael A. Lawson*, ICICLE-PD Study Group

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Participating in habitual physical activity (HPA) may slow onset of dependency and disability for people with Parkinson’s disease (PwP). While cognitive and physical determinants of HPA are well understood, psychosocial influences are not. This pilot study aimed to identify psychosocial factors associated with HPA to guide future intervention development. Sixty-four PwP participated in this study; forty had carer informants. PwP participants wore a tri-axial accelerometer on the lower back continuously for seven days at two timepoints (18 months apart), measuring volume, pattern and variability of HPA. Linear mixed effects analysis identified relationships between demographic, clinical and psychosocial data and HPA from baseline to 18 months. Key results in PwP with carers indicated that carer anxiety and depression were associated with increased HPA volume (p 0.01), while poorer carer self-care was associated with reduced volume of HPA over 18 months (p 0.01). Greater carer strain was associated with taking longer walking bouts after 18 months (p 0.01). Greater carer depression was associated with lower variability of HPA cross-sectionally (p = 0.009). This pilot study provides preliminary novel evidence that psychosocial outcomes from PwP’s carers may impact HPA in Parkinson’s disease. Interventions to improve HPA could target both PwP and carers and consider approaches that also support psychosocial wellbeing.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere871
Number of pages14
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2022

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