FDTD Simulation of Inverse 3-D Face-Centered Cubic Photonic Crystal Cavities

Ying-Lung Daniel Ho, Pavel S. Ivanov, Erman Engin, Matthieu F. J. Nicol, Mike P. C. Taverne, Chengyong Hu, Martin J. Cryan, Ian James Craddock, Chris J. Railton, John G. Rarity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the modeling and simulation of 3-D face-centered cubic photonic crystal (PhC) cavities with various defects. We use the plane-wave expansion method to map the allowed modes and photonic bandgaps. Having determined the photonic bands we design specific defects and input-output waveguides and model the coupling between defects and waveguides using the 3-D finite-difference time-domain method. We have calculated the Q-factors and modal volumes (Veff) of the resonant cavity modes for the PhC structures made of materials including germanium (Ge), silicon (Si), gallium phosphide (GaP), titanium dioxide (TiO2), and silica (SiO2). We then use our estimates of Q and Veff to quantify the enhancement of spontaneous emission and possibility of achieving strong coupling with color centers and quantum dots
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1480-1492
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Volume47
Issue number12
Early online date3 Oct 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

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