FILNet: Fast Image-Based Indoor Localization Using an Anchor Control Network

Sikang Liu, Zhao Huang, Jiafeng Li, Anna Li, Xingru Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This paper designs a fast image-based indoor localization method based on an anchor control network (FILNet) to improve localization accuracy and shorten the duration of feature matching. Particularly, two stages are developed for the proposed algorithm. The offline stage is to construct an anchor feature fingerprint database based on the concept of an anchor control network. This introduces detailed surveys to infer anchor features according to the information of control anchors using the visual–inertial odometry (VIO) based on Google ARcore. In addition, an affine invariance enhancement algorithm based on feature multi-angle screening and supplementation is developed to solve the image perspective transformation problem and complete the feature fingerprint database construction. In the online stage, a fast spatial indexing approach is adopted to improve the feature matching speed by searching for active anchors and matching only anchor features around the active anchors. Further, to improve the correct matching rate, a homography matrix filter model is used to verify the correctness of feature matching, and the correct matching points are selected. Extensive experiments in real-world scenarios are performed to evaluate the proposed FILNet. The experimental results show that in terms of affine invariance, compared with the initial local features, FILNet significantly improves the recall of feature matching from 26% to 57% when the angular deviation is less than 60 degrees. In the image feature matching stage, compared with the initial K-D tree algorithm, FILNet significantly improves the efficiency of feature matching, and the average time of the test image dataset is reduced from 30.3 ms to 12.7 ms. In terms of localization accuracy, compared with the benchmark method based on image localization, FILNet significantly improves the localization accuracy, and the percentage of images with a localization error of less than 0.1m increases from 31.61% to 55.89%
Original languageEnglish
Article number8140
Number of pages21
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2023
Externally publishedYes

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