Forensic facial reconstruction and its contribution to identification in missing person cases

Martin Evison

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Forensic facial reconstruction is a means for producing a facial surface from the skull. There are several technical approaches that can be applied, which include computerised and plastic sculptural methods. Whether the reconstruction is attempted in virtual or actual reality, the facial surface is projected by one of two principal means: by reconstruction of the craniofacial anatomy or by mathematical extrapolation of the face surface from that of the skull. More recently, it has been possible via a combination of the two. In this chapter, the history of facial reconstruction from the skull will be briefly introduced and the principal methods described. Both plastic and computational approaches will be summarised. The utility of forensic facial reconstruction will be discussed with reference to the investigation of cases of missing persons, and to current controversies in research and practice, relating to the precision and efficacy of the technique.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Missing Persons
EditorsStephen J. Morewitz, Caroline Sturdy Colls
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherSpringer
Pages427-441
Number of pages585
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-10197-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2016

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