Fractal wear behaviour of gears refers to failure mode of gears as a result of contact mechanics, which occurs while in application. Tooth-to-tooth surface damage usually ensues as a result of variation in excitation energy of the gear. This study therefore investigated the nature of fractal wear encountered by gear tooth with a focus on general fatigue wear, temperature-induced wear and different models for wear predictions. The result of the study showed that tooth surface damage such as fatigue, pitting corrosion and scuffing causes gear failure. Failure due to bending fatigue was observed to contribute to the maximum deflection of the gear tooth during rotation, thus resulting in excessive noise and vibration. Further to this, it was possible to predict the material removal rate of a failed gear using some of the highlighted empirical methods in the study. Based on these models, it will be possible to predict the nature of wear on gear tooth surface and use it during gear design.