From Smart Parking Towards Autonomous Valet Parking: A Survey, Challenges and Future Works

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


External departments

  • Lancaster University
  • University of Peshawar
  • King Saud University


Original languageEnglish
Article number102935
JournalJournal of Network and Computer Applications
Early online date23 Nov 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Nov 2020
Publication type

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Recently, we see an increasing number of vehicles coming into our lives, which makes finding car parks a difficult task. To overcome this challenge, efficient and advanced parking techniques are required, such as finding the proper parking slot, increasing users’ experience, dynamic path planning and congestion avoidance. To this end, this survey provides a detailed overview starting from Smart Parking (SP) towards the emerging Autonomous Valet Parking (AVP) techniques. Specially, the SP includes digitally enhanced parking, smart routing, high density parking and vacant slot detection solutions. Moreover, the AVP involves Short-range Autonomous Valet Parking (SAVP) and Long-range Autonomous Valet Parking (LAVP). Finally, open issues and future work are provided.