Fuel-cost apportionment and desalination technology selection based on exergy analysis

Muhammad Wakil Shahzad, Noreddine Ghaffour, Kim Choon Ng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Water and power are two basic resources for the economic development, livelihood and well-being of a country’s population. Today’s power plant (PP) efficiency, although improved through decades of innovation, has peaked asymptotically in the last decade, ranging from 35% for thermal fuel-fired plants to more than 50% for the advanced, combined-cycle gas turbine (CCGT). Similarly, the practical seawater desalination methods available today are either thermally driven, such as multi-stage flash (MSF) distillation, multi-effect distillation (MED) and adsorption desalination (AD), or pressure- or work-driven, such as reverse osmosis (RO). Today’s practical desalination processes’s are not only energy intensive but also environment unfriendly and they consume three times higher energy than minimum theoretical required energy limit of 0.85 kWh m-3.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRenewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination
EditorsHacene Mahmoudi, Noreddine Ghaffour, Mattheus F. A. Goosen, Jochen Bundschuh
Place of PublicationBoca Raton
PublisherCRC Press
Chapter11
Pages199-210
Number of pages12
Volume4
ISBN (Electronic)9781317287445
ISBN (Print)9781138029170
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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