Functionally graded material: An overview

Rasheedat M. Mahamood, Esther T. Akinlabi, Mukul Shukla, Sisa Pityana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

167 Citations (Scopus)


Functionally Graded Material (FGM) belongs to a class of advanced material characterized by variation in properties as the dimension varies. The overall properties of FMG are unique and different from any of the individual material that forms it. There is a wide range of applications for FGM and it is expected to increase as the cost of material processing and fabrication processes are reduced by improving these processes. In this study, an overview of fabrication processes, area of application, some recent research studies and the need to focus more research effort on improving the most promising FGM fabrication method (solid freeform SFF) is presented. Improving the performance of SFF processes and extensive studies on material characterization on components produced will go a long way in bringing down the manufacturing cost of FGM and increase productivity in this regard.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2012, WCE 2012
EditorsA. M. Korsunsky, Len Gelman, Andrew Hunter, S. I. Ao, David WL Hukins
PublisherNewswood Limited
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9789881925220
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event2012 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2012 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Jul 20126 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science
ISSN (Print)2078-0958


Conference2012 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

Cite this