Fundamental Analysis of Vehicular Light Communications and the Mitigation of Sunlight Noise

Elizabeth Eso*, Zabih Ghassemlooy, Stanislav Zvanovec, Juna Sathian, Asghar Gholami

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Intelligent transport systems (ITS) rely upon the connectivity, cooperation and automation of vehicles aimed at the improvement of safety and efficiency of the transport system. Connectivity, which is a key component for the practical implementation of vehicular light communications (VeLC) systems in ITS, must be carefully studied prior to design and implementation. In this paper, we carry out a performance evaluation study on the use of different vehicle taillights (TLs) as the transmitters in a VeLC system. We show that, the transmission coverage field of view and the link span depend on TLs illumination patterns and the transmit power levels, respectively, which fail to meet the typical communication distances in vehicular environments. This paper proposes an infrared-based VeLC system to meet the transmission range in daytimes under Sunlight noise. We show that, at the forward error correction bit error rate limit of 3.8 10^-3, the communication distances of the proposed link are 63, 72, and > 89 m compared with 4.5, 5.4 and 6.3 m for BMWs vehicle TL at data rates of 10, 6, and 2 Mbps, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Early online date10 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 May 2021

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