Fundus image registration technique based on local feature of retinal vessels

Roziana Ramli*, Khairunnisa Hasikin*, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris, Noor Khairiah A. Karim, Ainuddin Wahid Abdul Wahab

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Feature-based retinal fundus image registration (RIR) technique aligns fundus images ac-cording to geometrical transformations estimated between feature point correspondences. To en-sure accurate registration, the feature points extracted must be from the retinal vessels and throughout the image. However, noises in the fundus image may resemble retinal vessels in local patches. Therefore, this paper introduces a feature extraction method based on a local feature of retinal vessels (CURVE) that incorporates retinal vessels and noises characteristics to accurately extract feature points on retinal vessels and throughout the fundus image. The CURVE performance is tested on CHASE, DRIVE, HRF and STARE datasets and compared with six feature extraction methods used in the existing feature-based RIR techniques. From the experiment, the feature extraction accuracy of CURVE (86.021%) significantly outperformed the existing feature extraction methods (p ≤ 0.001*). Then, CURVE is paired with a scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) descriptor to test its registration capability on the fundus image registration (FIRE) dataset. Overall, CURVE-SIFT success-fully registered 44.030% of the image pairs while the existing feature-based RIR techniques (GDB- ICP, Harris-PIIFD, Ghassabi’s-SIFT, H-M 16, H-M 17 and D-Saddle-HOG) only registered less than 27.612% of the image pairs. The one-way ANOVA analysis showed that CURVE-SIFT significantly outperformed GDB-ICP (p = 0.007*), Harris-PIIFD, Ghassabi’s-SIFT, H-M 16, H-M 17 and D-Saddle- HOG (p ≤ 0.001*).

Original languageEnglish
Article number11201
Number of pages30
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

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