Future Research Direction in Functionally Graded Materials and Summary

Rasheedat Modupe Mahamood*, Esther Titilayo Akinlabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) are a class of advanced engineered materials characterized by a variation in composition or/and a variation in microstructure, with a corresponding variation in properties, such as the mechanical, the thermal, and the electrical properties. The main aim of FGM is to eliminate the sharp interface that is present in the conventional composite materials, where failure mostly begins because of the high stress concentration at this site. The sharp interface is replaced with the gradual variation of composition, as well as the microstructural composition through the non-uniform distributions of the reinforcement phase (s) dispersed gradually, according to their position in the structure. The functionally graded material (FGM) was initially developed for a thermal barrier application, but with the new developments in the industries and modern fabrication processes, the application areas have increased substantially. Such application areas now include those for the general use as structural components in extreme working environments, such as high-temperature and high-pressure environments. Functionally graded material is one of the most efficient materials in achieving sustainable development in industries. In this chapter, the future research requirements for FGMs are presented, together with an extensive summary of this book.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTopics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering
EditorsRasheedat Modupe Mahamood, Esther Titilayo Akinlabi
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783319537566
ISBN (Print)9783319537559, 9783319852362
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameTopics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering
ISSN (Print)2364-3293
ISSN (Electronic)2364-3307

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