Future scenarios and environmental education

Helen Kopnina*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores a number of questions about visions of the future and their implications for environmental education (EE). If the future were known, what kind of actions would be needed to maintain the positive aspects and reverse the negative ones? How could these actions be translated into the aims of EE? Three future scenarios are discussed: the limits to growth (the great tragedy and demise); sustainable development and ecological modernization (hope and innovation); and the Anthropocene park. These scenarios are linked to corresponding EE/ESD approaches and instrumentalism in education is argued as a morally justifiable goal. Finally, education for deep ecology is advocated in order to address the ethical implications of the last scenario. © 2014

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-231
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Environmental Education
Issue number4
Early online date19 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


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