Gait velocity, attention and exercise in Parkinson's disease

Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi*, Rodrigo Vitorio, Claudia Teixeira-Arroyo, Ellen Lirani-Silva, Natalia Madalena Rinaldi, Fabio Augusto Barbieri, Marcelo Pinto Pereira, Paulo Cezar Rocha Santos, Rosangela Alice Batistela

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

In addition to pharmacological therapy, different modes of interventions has been purposed and applied for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The results of these interventions have been shown improvements in their quality of life and functional mobility, among others. This study aimed to identify the effects of a 6-month, multimodal exercise program on stride velocity and attentional outcomes in PD patients and to observe the relationship between these dependent variables. Twenty-one patients with idiopathic PD were assessed before and after the multimodal exercise program (three times a week, one hour per session). Outcome measures included the stride velocity of self-paced walking and score (number of right/wrong answers) in the attention test of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III). Gait velocity and the number of errors at WAIS-III improved after the enrollment in the multimodal exercise program. It was observed a significant positive relationship between gait velocity and number of right answers at WAIS-III before the multimodal exercise program. These findings suggest that PD patients with higher attentional levels show less impairment in gait velocity. Although physical exercise was effective to improve motor and cognitive characteristics of PD patients, further study in the form of randomized controlled trial would be required to establish effectiveness of the multimodal exercise program.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationParkinson's Disease
Subtitle of host publicationDiagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages179-189
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9781619428300
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

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