Gibbs free energies of formation for the ideal gas, liquid phase, and species in solution were estimated for 75 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) at 298.15 K and 100,000 Pa. These values were used to calculate standard redox potentials, with H2 as the electron donor. Owing to the lack of experimental thermodynamic data for the involved chemical species, the standard-state ideal gas enthalpies of formation were evaluated by several semiempirical methods including the Modified Neglect of Diatomic Differential Overlap (MNDO). Austin Model 1 (AM1), and MNDO-Parametric Method 3 (PM3). Three different implementations of Benson's group additivity method for estimation of ideal gas enthalpies of formation were also evaluated. As a result the evaluation, the CHETAH program based on Benson's group additive method was chosen for ideal gas enthalpy of formation calculations. Entropies, vapor pressure, and aqueous solubility were calculated by existing methods in order to complete the thermodynamic cycle Calculated redox potentials indicate that chlorodioxins, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodioxin, can serve as electron acceptors in anaerobic environments, at least from a thermodynamic perspective.
|Number of pages
|Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
|Published - 1 Jun 1996