Global vegetation distribution and terrestrial climate evolution at the Eocene-Oligocene transition

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Abstract

The Eocene – Oligocene transition (EOT; ca. 34–33.5 Ma) is widely considered to be the biggest step in Cenozoic climate evolution. Geochemical marine records show both surface and bottom water cooling, associated with the expansion of Antarctic glaciers and a reduction in the atmospheric CO2 concentration. However, the global response of the terrestrial biosphere to the EOT is less well understood and not uniform when comparing different regions. We present new global vegetation and terrestrial climate reconstructions of the Priabonian (late Eocene; 38–33.9Ma) and Rupelian (early Oligocene;33.9–28.45Ma) by synthesising 215 pollen and spore localities. Using presence/absence data of pollen and spores with multivariate statistics has allowed the reconstruction of palaeobiomes without relying on modern analogues. There constructed palaeo-biomes do not show the equator-ward shift at the EOT, which would be expected from a global cooling. Reconstructions of mean annual temperature, cold month mean temperature and warm month mean temperature do not show a global cooling of terrestrial climate across the EOT. Our new reconstructions differ from previous global syntheses by being based on an internally consistent statistically defined classification of palaeo-biomes and our terrestrial based climate reconstructions are in stark contrast to some marine based climate estimates. Our results raise new questions on the nature and extent of terrestrial global climate change at the EOT.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Apr 2016
EventEGU General Assembly 2016 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 6 Apr 2016 → …

Conference

ConferenceEGU General Assembly 2016
Period6/04/16 → …

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