Governance-as-legitimacy: are ecosystems replacing networks?

Tony Kinder*, Frédérique Six, Jari Stenvall, Ally Memon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The paper challenges the network management perspective of Kooiman (2003) and Klijn and Koppenjan (2014) arguing that complexity in local public service governance now means they are better approached as ecosystems than networks, which are centrally managed. Instead, we note Duit and Galaz’s (2008) idea of flexible governances and, using a reformulated version of Lipsky’s (1980) street-level, synthesize Laclau’s (1990) idea of governance-as-legitimacy with Vygotsky’s (1934) social learning approach and Six’s (2005) trust theory to suggest a new analytical framework. We use the framework to analyse logic-of-practice in services-as-a-system (pulled, personal services).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-33
JournalPublic Management Review
Issue number1
Early online date6 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Governance-as-legitimacy: are ecosystems replacing networks?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this