Government policy responses to Covid-19 in sport: a comparative study of China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, UK and the USA

Vassil Girginov*, Shushu Chen, Fawaz Alhakami, Mikhail Batuev, Laurence Chalip

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study examines governments' policy responses in sport during the pandemic casued by Covid-19. Applies Hood and Margetts' (2007) NATO approach to analysing national governments in China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, UK and USA use of policy instruments to affect the governance, access to and consumption of sport. Regardless of ideological persuasions, the five governments have framed exercise and sport as critical for citizens' wellbeing. The directions and limts of central government interventions in sprot depend both on the system of government and the ways that governments choose to engage with sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-248
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Policy and Politics
Issue number2
Early online date30 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2023

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