Hand-Cycling: An Active Form of Wheeled Mobility, Recreation, and Sports

F. J. Hettinga*, L. Valent, W. Groen, S. van Drongelen, S. de Groot, L. H.V. van der Woude

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


By studying exercise and performance in hand-cycling in both activities of daily living and in Paralympic sport settings, new insights can be gained for rehabilitation practice, adapted physical activity, and sports. This review looks into the pros and cons of hand-cycling in both rehabilitation and optimal sports performance settings as suggested from the current-but still limited-scientific literature and experimentation. Despite the limited evidence-base and the diversity of study approaches and methodologies, this study suggests an important role for hand-cycling during and after rehabilitation, and in wheeled mobility recreation and sports. An approach that combines biomechanical, physiological, and psychosocial elements may lead to a better understanding of the benefits of hand-cycling and of the fundamentals of exercise in rehabilitation, activities of daily living, and sports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-140
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


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