Hard or soft: Planning on medium size construction projects

Eric Johansen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Some data suggest that the approach to planning in construction seeks to impose a managed future on construction work by providing plans which are strictly time scheduled and produced by initially identifying those activities which are critical to the plan and allowing other activities to “fit in” to this critical path. This is referred to in the paper as “hard” planning. The paper seeks to demonstrate that the reality for some managers and planners is that the planning process is “soft” and that in producing plans they seek initially to take account of the vast uncertainties of construction by removing criticality from all activities. The paper is based on data obtained from longitudinal case study research of four live, medium size, projects in the North East of England. The data analysis uses the Grounded Theory approach.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 11th Annual ARCOM Conference
EditorsA. Thorpe
Place of PublicationLoughborough
PublisherAssociation of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM)
Publication statusPublished - 1995


Dive into the research topics of 'Hard or soft: Planning on medium size construction projects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this