High capacity positive electrodes for secondary Mg-ion batteries

Shahid Rasul*, Shinya Suzuki, Shu Yamaguchi, Masaru Miyayama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composites of layered structured Birnessite-MnO 2 and tunnel structured Hollandite-MnO 2 in presence of acetylene black were synthesized as positive electrode materials for rechargeable Mg-ion batteries. Reversible insertion/extraction of Mg-ion in the host structures was examined in the potential range of -1.8 to 1.0 V vs. Ag/Ag +. Results indicated that Mg-ion exchanged Birnessite/acetylene black composite showed the highest discharge capacity (109 mAh g -1) at 1st discharge, when compared to other microstructures of Birnessite. Meanwhile, the composite comprising of 65 wt% Hol-MnO 2 and 35 wt% acetylene black showed very high insertion of Mg-ion (0.87 Mg/Mn) corresponding to discharge capacity of 475 mAh g -1 when tested at 60°C in galvanostatic mode. The layered and tunneled framework of the MnO 2 was retained with minor displacive adjustments even after substantial Mg-ion insertion/extraction after several cycles. However, large specific capacity loss was observed after 20 cycles in all of the microstructures probably due to Mg-ion trapping in the host lattice. Furthermore, the effect of the cation (K +) present in the tunnel of Hollandite on Mg-ion diffusion was analyzed as well and it was concluded that tunnel cation could impede the movement of Mg-ion in host structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume82
Early online date27 Mar 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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