High-conductivity nickel shells encapsulated wood-derived porous carbon for improved electromagnetic interference shielding

Jiachang Ruan, Zixuan Chang, Huawei Rong*, Taghrid S. Alomar, Dapeng Zhu, Najla AlMasoud, Yijun Liao, Rongzhi Zhao, Xiaoyu Zhao, Yixing Li*, Ben Bin Xu, Zhanhu Guo*, Zeinhom M. El-Bahy, Handong Li, Xuefeng Zhang, Shengbo Ge*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


Biomass-derived carbon materials, especially from wood, have attracted great interests in electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding ascribed to their sustainability and unique porous structures. However, it still lacks an effective approach to optimize its shielding performance through the microstructure design. Here, core@shell structure nickel encapsulated wood-derived porous carbon (PC) is prepared to improve the EMI shielding performance of porous carbon, in which the high-conductivity nickel shells is obtained through a chemical plating approach. The shielding effectiveness (SE) can reach 83 dB at 9.5 GHz, which is much higher than other reported shielding materials. Experimental results coupled with numerical simulations indicate that the surface and interface electric field distributions could result in a rapid transportation of EM energy and thus enhance the EMI shielding performance. Moreover, the shielding thin films prepared by such microparticles could demonstrate a superior SE of 104.5 dB with a normalized SE of 139.4 dB/mm. Our study opens a new pathway for designing EMI shielding materials based on biomass-derived core@shell structural carbon materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118208
Early online date13 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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