Highly Arsenic Doped CdTe Layers for the Back Contacts of CdTe Solar Cells

Vincent Barrioz, Yuri Proskuryakov, Eurig Jones, Jonathan Major, Stuart Irvine, Ken Durose, Daniel Lamb

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an effort to overcome the lack of a suitable metal as an ohmic back contact for CdTe solar cells, a study was carried out on the potential for using a highly arsenic (As) doped CdTe layer with metallization. The deposition of full CdTe/CdS devices, including the highly doped CdTe:As and the CdCl2 treatment, were carried out by metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD), in an all-in-one process with no etching being necessary. They were characterized and compared to control devices prepared using conventional bromine-methanol back contact etching. SIMS and C-V profiling results indicated that arsenic concentrations of up to 1.5 × 1019 at·cm-3 were incorporated in the CdTe. Current-voltage (J-V) characteristics showed strong improvements, particularly in the open-circuit voltage (Voc) and series resistance (Rs): With a 250 nm thick doped layer, the series resistance was reduced from 9.8 Ω·cm2 to 1.6 Ω·cm2 for a contact area of 0.25 cm2; the J-V curves displayed no rollover, while the Voc increased by up to 70 mV (~ 12 % rise). Preliminary XRD data show that there may be an As2Te3 layer at the CdTe surface which could be contributing to the low barrier height of this contact.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMRS Proceedings
Volume1012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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