Home-based evaluation of executive function (Home-MET) for older adults with mild cognitive impairment

Frank Ho yin Lai*, Elaine Wai hung Yan, Kathy Ka ying Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Executive function helps older adults maintain their activities of daily living by making plans, setting goals, and carrying them out successfully. It is important for their independence in community living. Methods: With a carefully match-group of 80 mild cognitive impaired with 80 health control subjects. The home-based evaluation of executive function (Home-MET) was validated in subjects’ own living environment. Results: This Home-MET showed significant correlation in the assessment of attention control that was assessing by Test of Everyday Attention (TEA) (r = .86, p < .01), with working memory that was assessed with Trail Making Test (TMT) (r = .72, p < .01), with inhibitory control that was assessing with Stroop Test (r = .86, p < .01), with individuals’ functional disability was assessed by Chinese Disability Assessment of Dementia (CDAD) (r = .77, p < .01) and cognitive assessment was assessed by Hong Kong Montreal Cognitive Assessment (HK-MoCA) (r = .88, p < .01). By benchmarking with the validated performance-based executive function assessment, the Home-MET shows significant correlation (r = .92, p < .05) with the executive function test in a standard environment in hospital, i.e. the Chinese Multiple Errands Test (the Chinese-MET). The two-stage hierarchical linear regression model with backward method showed functional disability was a marginally significant predictor (p < .059) for the Home-MET with regression model showed with R2 = .93. Conclusion: Results indicated the Home-MET, can provide an objective measure of executive function for subjects with mild cognitive impairment in participants’ own home environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104012
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume87
Early online date16 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

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