Home-based evaluation of executive function (Home-MET) for older adults with mild cognitive impairment

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Background Executive function helps older adults maintain their activities of daily living by making plans, setting goals, and carrying them out successfully. It is important for their independence in community living. Clinically, the underlying deficits in executive function (EF) also significantly contributed to their functional disabilities. EF has shown to be important, especially in the fast and complicated contemporary world, because it has been considered as central to independent daily living, solve problems, and resolve conflicts. EF was considered as a vital part of the independent living skills of older adults with dementia in community living. Some researchers commented that executive function is the core psychological deficit underlying dysfunction of mild cognitive impairment. The resulting functional disabilities were the major cause of extended hospital stays and protracted residential care. Method With a carefully match-group of 80 mild cognitive impaired with 80 health control subjects. The home-based evaluation of executive function (Home-MET) was validated in subjects’ own living environment. Result This Home-MET showed significant correlation in the assessment of attention control that was assessing by Test of Everyday Attention (TEA) (r = .86, p < .01), with working memory that was assessed with Trail Making Test (TMT) (r = .72, p < .01), with inhibitory control that was assessing with Stroop Test (r = .86, p < .01), with individuals’ functional disability was assessed by Chinese Disability Assessment of Dementia (CDAD) (r = .77, p < .01) and cognitive assessment was assessed by Hong Kong Montreal Cognitive Assessment (HK-MoCA) (r = .88, p < .01). By benchmarking with the validated performance-based executive function assessment, the Home-MET shows significant correlation (r = .92, p < .05) with the executive function test in a standard environment in hospital, i.e. the Chinese Multiple Errands Test (the Chinese-MET). The two-stage hierarchical linear regression model with backward method showed functional disability was a marginally significant predictor (p < .059) for the Home-MET with regression model showed with R2 = .93. Conclusion Results indicated the Home-MET, can provide an objective measure of executive function for subjects with mild cognitive impairment in participants’ own home environment.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere041368
Number of pages1
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Issue numberS6
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


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