How are depression and autobiographical memory retrieval related to culture?

Barbara Dritschel*, Chih Mei Kao, Arlene Astell, Julia Neufeind, Te Jen Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated how culture influences the association between autobiographical memory retrieval and depression. Thirty clinically depressed patients and 30 controls, 15 each from Britain and Taiwan, completed the English and Chinese versions of the Autobiographical Memory Cueing Task (AMT). Overall, the depressed individuals from both cultural groups retrieved significantly fewer specific and more categoric autobiographical memories than their matched, nondepressed controls. Within the control groups, the British participants retrieved significantly more specific autobiographical memories and fewer categoric memories than their Taiwanese counterparts. These results suggest that difficulty in retrieving specific autobiographical memories typical of depression may be a cognitive bias that occurs across cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-974
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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