How to go beyond C1 products with electrochemical reduction of CO2

Da Li, Hao Zhang, Hang Xiang, Shahid Rasul, Jean-Marie Fontmorin, Paniz Izadi, Alberto Roldan, Rebecca Taylor, Yujie Feng, Liam Banerji, Alexander Cowan*, Eileen H. Yu*, Jin Xuan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The electrochemical reduction of CO2 to produce fuels and value-added organic chemicals is of great potential, providing a mechanism to convert and store renewable energy within a carbon-neutral energy circle. Currently the majority of studies report C1 products such as carbon monoxide and formate as the major CO2 reduction products. A particularly challenging goal within CO2 electrochemical reduction is the pursuit of multi-carbon (C2+) products which have been proposed to enable a more economically viable value chain. This review summaries recent development across electro-, photoelectro- and bioelectro-catalyst developments. It also explores the role of device design and operating conditions in enabling C–C bond generation.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalSustainable Energy and Fuels
Early online date20 Oct 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Oct 2021


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