Hydroclimate Variability and Pollution History of the Mohos Peatbog

Jack Longman*, Daniel Veres, Aritina Haliuc, Vasile Ersek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Mohos (Mohos) peat bog, located in the crater of Ciomadul (Csomád) volcano, contains peat dating back nearly 12,000 years. By analysing the chemical composition of peat layers, we can infer the paleoenvironmental conditions recorded in the bog, such as the input of atmospheric dust, providing important information about prevailing wind changes and other climatic changes through time. The Mohos bog dust record clearly captures the formation of the Sahara desert ~6000 years ago, regularly bringing significant quantities of dust into the area. It also shows the concentration of industrial pollutants captured from the atmosphere, indicating the development of local populations from the Roman Empire, Medieval Period, to the highly polluting Industrial Revolution. Such a study clearly demonstrates the applicability of geochemical analysis of peat archives to studies of human history and palaeoenvironments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCiomadul (Csomád), The Youngest Volcano in the Carpathians
Subtitle of host publicationVolcanism, Palaeoenvironment, Human Impact
EditorsDávid Karátson, Daniel Veres, Ralf Gertisser, Enikő K. Magyari, Csaba Jánosi, Ulrich Hambach
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783030891404
ISBN (Print)9783030891398, 9783030891428
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2022

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