A surface acoustic wave (SAW) formaldehyde gas sensor was fabricated on a 42°75' ST-cut quartz substrate, with a composite sensing layer of zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF)-8 on polyethyleneimine (PEI)/ bacterial cellulose (BC) nanofilms. The addition of snowflake-like ZIF-8 structure on the PEI/BC sensitive film significantly improves the hydrophobicity of the SAW sensor and increases its sensitivity to formaldehyde gas. It also significantly increases surface roughness of the sensitive film. The hydrophobic nature of ZIF-8 prevents water molecules from entering into the internal pores of the BC film, thereby avoiding a significant mass loading caused by humidity when the sensor is used to detect low-concentration formaldehyde gas. The Zn2+ sites at the surface of ZIF-8 improves the sensor's response to formaldehyde gas through enhanced physical adsorptions of gas molecules. Experimental results show that the ZIF-8@PEI/BC SAW sensor has a response (e.g., frequency shift) of 40.3 kHz to 10 ppm formaldehyde gas at 25℃ and 30% relative humidity (RH). When the relative humidity is increased from 30% to 93%, the response of the sensor only varies ~5%, and the change in response is negligible at medium humidity levels (~50 to 60% RH).
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics|
|Early online date||7 Jul 2021|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2021|