Hyperthermophilic endospores germinate and metabolise organic carbon in sediments heated to 80C

Emma Bell*, Jayne E. Rattray, Kathryn Sloan, Angela Sherry, Giovanni Pilloni, Casey R.J. Hubert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cold surface sediments host a seedbank of functionally diverse thermophilic bacteria. These thermophiles are present as endospores which are widely dispersed in aquatic environments. Here we investigated the functional potential of endospore populations in cold surface sediments heated to 80C. Microbial production of acetate was observed at 80C, and could be enhanced by supplying additional organic carbon substrates. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene amplicon libraries from 80C enrichments to sediments heated to lower temperatures (50–70C) showed that temperature selects for distinct populations of endospore-forming bacteria. Whereas sulfate-reducing thermophiles were enriched in 50–70C incubations, 80C exceeds their thermal tolerance and selects for hyperthermophilic organotrophic bacteria that are similarly detected in amplicon libraries from sediments heated to 90C. Genome-resolved metagenomics revealed novel carbon cycling members of Symbiobacteriales, Thermosediminibacteraceae, Thermanaeromonas and Calditerricola with the genomic potential for the degradation of carbohydrates, sugars, amino acids and nucleotides. Endospores of thermophilic bacteria are deposited on seabed sediments worldwide where they remain dormant as they are buried in the accumulating sediments. Our results suggest that endospore populations could be activated by temperature increases encountered during burial and show the potential for organotrophic metabolic activity contributing to acetate generation in deep hot sediments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Microbiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 10 Aug 2022

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