Identifying and understanding how people living with a lower-grade glioma engage in self-management

Ways Ahead Study Team, Ben Rimmer, Michelle Balla, Lizzie Dutton, Joanne Lewis, Morven C Brown, Richéal Burns, Pamela Gallagher, Sophie Williams, Vera Araújo-Soares, Tracy Finch, Fiona Menger, Linda Sharp

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4 Citations (Scopus)
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Lower-grade gliomas (LGG) are mostly diagnosed in working-aged adults and rarely cured. LGG patients may face chronic impairments (e.g. fatigue, cognitive deficits). Self-management can improve clinical and psychosocial outcomes, yet how LGG patients self-manage the consequences of their tumour and its treatment is not fully understood. This study, therefore, aimed to identify and understand how LGG patients engage in the self-management of their condition. A diverse group of 28 LGG patients (age range 22-69 years; male n = 16, female n = 12; mean time since diagnosis = 8.7 years) who had completed primary treatment, were recruited from across the United Kingdom. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. Informed by a self-management strategy framework developed in cancer, directed content analysis identified and categorised self-management types and strategies used by patients. Overall, 20 self-management strategy types, comprising 123 self-management strategies were reported; each participant detailed extensive engagement in self-management. The most used strategy types were 'using support' (n = 28), 'creating a healthy environment' (n = 28), 'meaning making' (n = 27), and 'self-monitoring' (n = 27). The most used strategies were 'accepting the tumour and its consequences' (n = 26), 'receiving support from friends (n = 24) and family' (n = 24), and 'reinterpreting negative consequences' (n = 24). This study provides a comprehensive understanding of the strategies used by LGG patients to self-manage their health and wellbeing, with a diverse, and substantial number of self-management strategies reported. The findings will inform the development of a supported self-management intervention for LGG patients, which will be novel for this patient group. [Abstract copyright: © 2023. The Author(s).]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Early online date14 Jul 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jul 2023

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